Archives
Categories
Archives
Contact La Leche League International

Features


龋齿 Features / 中文

Leigh Anne O’Connor, IBCLC, New York, NY, USA Breastfeeding Today, April – June 2013      Translation 翻译: 白山 我的第一个孩子菲比一岁半时、我发现她的门牙有一些变色。儿科医生建议我们去看儿科牙医、结果是、菲比居然长龋齿了! 我感到非常震惊和窘。我给她的食物绝对是新鲜无害的。她的第一口甜食也不过是一岁生日那天吃了一小口蛋糕而已。事情怎么会这样呢? 那个儿科牙医师非常耐心地安慰我和菲比、告诉我说龋齿是夜间哺乳造成的。嗯……我向国际母乳会的哺乳辅导咨询了这个问题。她们向我保证、如果夜间哺乳会造成龋齿、那简直是等于 “进化自杀” 。他们说的在理、但我还是想弄清楚为什么我的女儿会长龋齿。幸运的是、这些龋洞在很表面的位置、不需要止痛药、只需要一些幽默、以及魏尔德医生的温和建议。 夜间哺乳的讯息大多与“奶瓶龋齿”联系在一起、也就是说,如果宝宝含着奶瓶睡觉、的确会导致龋齿。宝宝嘴里含着奶水与直接吃妈妈的乳房是不同的。另外、奶瓶里面装的东西也很重要、是配方奶、牛奶还是果汁? 这些通常有甜味的液体都没有人类乳汁的抗菌作用。 我开始研究哺乳和龋齿、发现了很重要的两点。一是一项研究表明产前使用抗生素与龋齿的产生有关系。这个发现对我非常重要、因为我怀菲比到了孕中期的时候患了尿道感染。这次感染对我服用的几乎所有抗生素都产生抗药性、当时我的抗生素治疗时间大约是六周。后来我改服蔓越莓片剂、尿道感染便彻底治愈了。 二是我发现牙医博士布莱恩•帕尔默进行了一项首创性的牙科研究、表明哺乳在推动人类物种正常发展方面的重要性(来源: www.brianpalmerdds.com/pdf/caries.pdf)。这项有根据的研究说明了为什么母乳喂养不会导致龋齿。 口腔卫生非常重要、它能成就也能毁掉你的整体健康。不良的口腔卫生与糖尿病和心脏病有关连。 对于尚在哺乳的学龄前儿童的口腔健康、我们 能做些什么呢? 首先是找一位对孩子友好的牙医、然后在宝宝一周岁左右带他去做口腔检查。确定就诊环境轻松有趣、看诊的过程不至于太恐怖。另外、他们会奖励宝宝小太阳眼镜和好玩的贴纸等。 做好教育准备工作、我是指你可能需要对牙医进行 “教育”、即和牙医谈一谈你的哺乳经历。如果你在夜间喂养宝宝(到底有多少宝宝能睡整夜觉啊!)、你的牙医可能会这么说: “你不应该在夜里喂奶、因为那样会导致龋齿。如果一定要喂、那么喂完后必须用棉布给宝宝清洁牙齿。” 美国儿科学会发表了一项研究、发现母乳喂养与早期儿童龋齿之间并无关联(来源: www.ada.org/3143.aspx)。 那我们到底能做些什么呢?如一般的父母教育那样、给孩子树立一个好榜样、定期去看牙医、定期刷牙、吃天然健康食品、减少甜食的摄入(少量及特殊场合还是可以吃一点的)。还有就是、记得刷牙! 如果你的口腔卫生不好、那么不要把你嘴里嚼过的食物给孩子吃、因为可能将变形链球菌传染给孩子。 有研究支持将食物嚼碎后再喂给婴幼儿吃、理由是唾液可以促进免疫系统的发展。然而、如果你的牙齿充满龋洞、你可能会把导致龋洞的细菌传给孩子。如果你有满口好牙、可以将 Granny Smith 苹果(澳大利亚的一种青绿色苹果)咬一口并且嚼碎给孩子吃、否则就把苹果切碎。 让宝宝看你刷牙、让宝宝给你刷牙! 怎么有趣怎么来。你们可以互刷牙齿! 让宝宝在厨房、花园、杂货店帮忙你、这些都是教育孩子的良机。从母乳喂养开始、你可以打下良好的基础。 不论是否哺喂母乳、宝宝都有可能得龋齿、龋齿的发生不是因为母乳哺喂。 什么会导致龋齿? 饮食:糖分过高的饮食、包括干果、甜食(特别是有粘性且不能溶解的)、果汁以及碳酸饮料 变形链球菌 不注意口腔卫生:婴儿和家庭成员均不注意口腔卫生 珐琅质缺陷 唾液分泌:口腔干燥容易引起龋齿 母亲在孕期服用抗生素 请参阅 “Avoiding Dental Caries”(如何避免龋齿)  国际认证的泌乳顾问 Leigh Anne O’Connor 在纽约市拥有泌乳顾问的私人执业。她也是国际母乳会的哺乳辅导、特别喜欢主持母乳会的学步儿聚会。目前与丈夫罗伯以及三个孩子居住在曼哈顿区。


Christina Simantiri Features

Dee Russell Photo: Christina Simantiri What is “holiday weaning”? Dee Russell cautions mothers how they might avoid it. You have your precious new baby. Breastfeeding is going fantastically well. The holiday season is fast approaching and you are excited not only to show off your new baby to everyone at all the gatherings you’ve been invited to, but also to ensure your little bundle participates in...

Read More


Engorgement and Mastitis: Smoothing Out the Bumps Features

Philippa Pearson-Glaze Photo: Evangeline and Ruth Courtesy of Sally Hobson Photography Breastfeeding is normal and natural but how to do it is something we often learn from our mothers, sisters, and peers. Where we have lost the art of breastfeeding over several generations, new mothers’ nursing attempts can be easily sabotaged by misinformation. If little bumps in the road are not smoothed out, problems can escalate until weaning sometimes seems inevitable. This article...

Read More


Breastfeeding in Public Spaces Features

Diane Wiessinger, MS, IBCLC Photo: Karsyn Shalae Photography   What’s changed for mothers breastfeeding in public spaces during the past generation? Thirty-five years ago, when my first baby was about six weeks old, I was sitting in a doctor’s waiting room. There was one other person in the room—an old man, who sat facing me—and my baby was getting hungry! I had never nursed outside my...

Read More


The Work of Mothering Features

Updated April 29, 2016 Naomi Stadlen, London, UK Photo: Lisa Scott Photography “Mothering” is a word that carries a strong meaning to members of La Leche League. Elsewhere, though, it seems to have become less popular. People expect baby care to be shared and that mothers will get back to their paid work promptly. New mothers are often asked: “So when are you going back to...

Read More


Ten Things Not to Say to a Breastfeeding Mother Features

Janae Marie Photography Ten things not to say to a breastfeeding mother. You can feel really vulnerable as a new mother with a brand new baby. You may have had a difficult labor and even if you had a straightforward, gentle time giving birth, the work that was involved makes you feel as though you just ran a marathon. Your body needs time to recover...

Read More


Time Out Features

Eileen Harrison Photo: Chelsea Vice Is “time out” an effective method for disciplining children? Loving guidance From infancy on, children need loving guidance that reflects acceptance of their capabilities and sensitivity to their feelings. Is “time out” a useful discipline tool, which lovingly offers a child guidance that reflects acceptance of his capabilities and sensitivity to his feelings? I have found that it can be, if...

Read More


Tiny Feet, Large Footprint Features

Merel van Goor den Held Photo: Destiny Tillery A baby has tiny feet, but infant formula leaves a large footprint. First published in Dutch, August 2015, in Down to Earth Magazine (Friends of the Earth, Netherlands) and translated into English by its author for Breastfeeeding Today. The ecological footprint of infant formula is enormous and, what is more, it’s unnecessary according to The International Baby Food Action Network,...

Read More



Page 10 of 21« First...89101112...20...Last »